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EFFECTS OF BRITAIN LEAVING THE EU

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EFFECTS OF BRITAIN LEAVING THE EU

Voters have voted in favor of Brexit: British exit from the European Union. That means that in the coming months, British and European leaders will begin negotiating the terms of Britain’s departure.

Britain’s exit will affect the British economy, immigration policy, and lots more. It will take years for the full consequences to become clear. But here are some of the most important changes we can expect in the coming months.

The process of leaving the EU will take years

A Brexit vote is not legally binding, and there are a few ways it could theoretically be blocked or overturned. However, as the BBC notes, “it would be seen as political suicide to go against the will of the people as expressed in a referendum.”
Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union establishes the procedures for a member state to withdraw from the EU. It requires the member state to notify the EU of its withdrawal and obliges the EU to then try to negotiate a withdrawal agreement with that state.
A Brexit vote, however, does not represent that formal notification. That notification could take place within days — for example, when EU member countries meet for a summit that is scheduled for June 28 to 29. Or British officials might wait a few months to pull the trigger.
Once Britain invokes Article 50, it will have a two-year window in which to negotiate a new treaty to replace the terms of EU membership. Britain and EU leaders would have to hash out issues like trade tariffs, migration, and the regulation of everything from cars to agriculture.
In the best-case scenario, Britain may be able to negotiate access to the European market that isn’t that different from what it has now. Norway is not a member of the EU, but it has agreed to abide by a number of EU rules in exchange for favorable access to the European Common Market.

The vote could topple the British government:

British Prime Minister David Cameron didn’t want to hold a vote on Brexit at all. But in 2014, he faced growing pressure from the populist right over immigration and Britain’s EU membership. To mollify dissenters in his own party and stop the rise of the far-right UK Independence Party, Cameron promised to hold a referendum on leaving the EU if his Conservative Party won the 2015 election.
The Conservatives surprised pollsters by winning an outright majority in Parliament, and Cameron kept his promise. But he wasn’t personally in favor of exiting the EU, and he campaigned vigorously for a “Remain” vote. At the same time, he allowed other members of his government to campaign on the other side. This created the spectacle of senior members of the UK government, from the same party, campaigning on opposite sides of one of the biggest issues in British politics in decades.
The victory of the “Leave” campaign could fatally weaken Cameron’s standing within his own party. Cameron had vowed to continue in office even if voters rejected his stance on EU membership. But that position may prove untenable. A revolt among Conservative members of Parliament
could force him out of office. That could lead to a new Conservative government run by a more Euroskeptical prime minister, or it could lead to new elections.

Brexit will cause problems for Britain’s economy:

In the short run, uncertainty about Britain’s future relationship with the EU, its largest trading partner, could push the UK into a recession. Market watchers predict an “explosion of volatility” on Friday morning as the markets process the implications of Britain’s exit. Many economists expect both the British stock market and the pound to open lower on Friday morning. Britain’s chancellor of the exchequer, George Osborne, even hinted that he could suspend stock market trading if Britons voted to exit the EU.
In the long run, the situation could be worse. If Cameron’s government falls, Britain’s prospects of negotiating a favorable deal with the EU could be weakened. The EU may decide to strike a hard bargain to discourage other countries from leaving the EU. Or the UK’s new leader might not be willing to accept the kind of restrictions that come with a Norway-style deal.
And that could create serious problems for businesses based in the UK.
“If you are Nissan or some other car producer with major production in the UK, today, the same safety standards and environmental standards allow you to sell everywhere in the European market,” Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, an economist at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, told me. But if the UK leaves the EU, “you would no longer be able to sell into other European markets, not because you face a small tariff but because you’d have to go through another set of safety certifications. This kind of thing would be repeated in every industry you can think of.”
Critics say the economic effects could be large. The UK government has estimated that exiting the EU could cause the British economy to be between 3.8 and 7.5 percent smaller by 2030 — depending on how well negotiations for access to the European market ultimately go. Other reports have found smaller but still significant impacts.

Brexit means significant uncertainty for migrants:

Nigel Farage, leader of the UK Independence Party, campaigned for Leave on an anti-immigration platform.
One of the most important and controversial achievements of the EU was the establishment of the principle of free movement among EU countries. A citizen of one EU country has an unfettered right to live and work anywhere in the EU. Both Britons and foreigners have taken advantage of this opportunity.
There currently are about 1.2 million Brits living in other EU countries, while about 3 million non-British EU nationals live in Britain. Thanks to EU rules, they were able to move across the English Channel with a minimum of paperwork. Britain’s exit from the EU could change that profoundly.
It’s possible, of course, that Britain could negotiate a new treaty with the EU that continues to allow free movement between the UK and the EU. But resentment of EU immigrants — especially from poorer, economically struggling countries like Poland and Lithuania — was a key force driving support for Brexit . So the British government will be under immense pressure to refuse to continue the current arrangement.
At a minimum, that would mean that people moving to or from Britain would need to worry about passports and residency rules. And it could mean that some British immigrants may
lose their right to continue living and working in the UK and be deported.
“The withdrawal process is unprecedented,” a British government spokesperson said a few weeks ago.

Kirkegaard told me last week that Brexit could also change the United Kingdom in a more fundamental way. It’s called the “United” Kingdom because it’s made up of four “countries” — England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. But if the United Kingdom votes to leave the EU, it may not stay united for very long.
Polls have shown that people in Scotland broadly support remaining in the EU. And the Scots in particular have never been entirely satisfied with English domination, as shown by the 44 percent of Scottish people who voted to make Scotland an independent country in 2014. They like having the UK be part of the EU in part because it provides a counterweight to English power within the UK.
Kirkegaard predicts that if the UK leaves the EU over the objections of voters in Scotland, it will strengthen the hand of separatists there. That could lead to an independent Scotland, which would most likely petition for admission to the EU in its own right.
But Brexit supporters dispute this analysis. They note that Scottish support for independence has waned in the two years since the Scottish vote — in part because falling oil prices have reduced the value of Scotland’s offshore oil fields. And British economist and economist Andrew Lilico, a Brexit supporter, told me last week that Brexit could actually strengthen Scottish loyalty to the UK.
“Scottishness as a political identity grows as Britishness withers,” he argues. “If Westminster is a middleman between Edinburgh and Brussels, they can cut out the middleman. But if Britain reestablishes itself, the Scots will increasingly see themselves as defined by a British identity again.”

Effects Of Britain Leaving The EU

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UK excited that 9000 Nigerians got UK student Visa in 2019

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UK excited that 9000 Nigerians got UK student Visa in 2019

***Says its testament to strong bond between the two countries

By James Ojochegbe

The United Kingdom (UK) has disclosed that over 9,000 students from Nigeria were granted UK student visas in 2019 which is 27% increase above the previous year.
This was contained in a statement issued in Abuja Mondsy by senior press and public Affairs officer, British High Commission, Abuja Christopher Olaolu Ogunmode.
The statement indicated that 93% of Nigerian students were successful in receiving a student visa to study in the country last year showing that the vast majority of UK student visa applicants were granted.
According to the Statement the UK Minister for Future Borders and Immigration Kevin Foster MP, has encouraged even more students from Nigeria to choose the UK as a place to study as they mark International Students Day on Tuesday, 17th, November 2020.

Foster used the annual celebration of international students to make it clear that the UK is open to students, highlighting visa flexibility around Covid-19, as well as the new Student Route, as reasons to continue choosing the UK for study.
According to the statement,
“The UK’s new Student Route promises to make it even more streamlined and convenient for Nigerian students, with benefits such as applying up to six months in advance, and additional opportunities to extend student visas from inside the UK.
“In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, the UK was among the first countries to introduce visa flexibility for students, including permitting remote study for the whole 2020-21 academic year and replacing thousands of expired visas free of charge so Nigerian students could still travel.

Furthermore, in Summer 2021 the UK will be introducing the Graduate Route, a new post-study work visa that will allow eligible students two years (or three years for PHD students) to stay back after they graduate to work, or look for work in the UK.
The minister said,
“Nigerian students have always been a huge part of our community – and we look forward to welcoming more to our world leading Universities. Put simply, we want the best and brightest to study in the UK, which is why we have made it easier to apply.
“The UK will always value and welcome international students, and whether now or in the future, we want Nigerian students to choose the UK as the place to fulfil their potential.”
British High Commissioner to Nigeria Catriona Laing said that 93% of Nigerian students that applied were successfully granted visa is a testament to the strengthening of the links between the UK and Nigeria.

“But more than that, each successful visa means another student heading to the UK, to build their career, expand their horizons and find out more about all that the UK has to offer.
“We hope that this continues, and that many more students from Nigeria follow their fellow citizens on this journey.”

He said, the Student Route and Graduate Route are part of the UK’s new points-based system, the new system of visas and immigration that the UK is opening in January 2021.
“This will create a fairer, clearer system, where what matters is the skills an individual has rather than their nationality.”
The international Students Day is an annual international day that recognises the importance of students around the world. It takes place on 17 November each year.

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Humanitarian ministry gets support from IOM on Decongestion of IDP camps

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Humanitarian ministry gets support from IOM on Decongestion of IDP camps

By James Ojochegbe

In a bid to decongest the various IDP camps in the country the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has promised to support for the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development

The Director of the Organization Mr Jeffery Labovitz gave the indication when he paid a courtesy visit on the Minister Sadiya Umar Farouq on Tuesday in Abuja.


Labovitz who commended the Ministry for its intervention in reaching out to Internally Displacement Persons in Nigeria  states that IOM’s global responsibility is to support  in camp coordination and camp management responsibilities across the country.

“We recognize the great energy you bring and the challenges in assisting  people at different locations. We have a good team and I hope that we can work together. Our priority is to visit the affected camps in the North East and see what the activities entail. We have a great responsibility to support the government of Nigeria”.

In her response, the Minister thanked the Director for his visit to Nigeria despite the pandemic.
Farouq stated that in delivering all aspects of the ministry’s mandate the International Organization for Migration plays a strategic role. 


The ministry’s mandate she enumerated to include developing humanitarian policies and providing effective coordination of National and International humanitarian interventions and ensuring strategic disaster mitigation as well as entrenching  better management of migration in Nigeria.

“Let me use this opportunity to acknowledge your efforts and contribution in delivering humanitarian response in the North East.
“IOM has been a great partner. We are faced with issues of Irregular Migration, human trafficking and internal displacement.
So she expressed appreciation to the IOM for delivering humanitarian responses especially in the North Eastern part of this country where we have the major humanitarian challenge.

“The issue of camp decongestion is an issue the ministry is taking very seriously and I recall in a meeting with the Chief of Mission,  and his team, we stated clearly that the Ministry is focused on durable solutions in order to do away with these camps as much as possible. Therefore we look forward to working with IOM and other relevant partners in implementing plans targeted at decongestion of the camps”.

The Minister said  that the decongestion program is an important issue which the ministry  is working hard to provide durable solutions.

“ The  program is an integral aspect of our approach to Transition and Nexus. The North East Development Commision was created specifically to focus on early recovery of the North East by supporting them through re-settlement , rehabilitation and reconstruction of the destroyed communities.
“We look forward to working with you and other relevant partners in implementing these plans, in order to decongest the camps because they can only be resettled when these areas are safe for them to be returned with dignity.

“We are working towards utilizing humanitarian, development and peace nexus approach in developing national strategies that guarantee coherence, peace and stability.
This she said expedient especially as the country is now facing security challenges in the North West region of Nigeria. “We welcome support in developing the strategy as well as strengthening the capacity of the existing National and state interventions especially in the North West”.

The  Director who was accompanied by the Chief of Mission Mr Franze Celestin will visit Bama and Dikwa communities in Borno state on Wednesday to ascertain the state of the IDP camps.

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Coaliation cautions US, UK, Germany, others against granting Sowore asylum

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Coaliation cautions US, UK, Germany, others against granting Sowore asylum

A Coalition, Concerned Patriots for Peace and Development, has cautioned other countries of the world against granting Omoyele Sowore the publisher of Sahara reporters asylum

It said, in the event that Sowore was called to question, and escapes to seek asylum outside the country, he should be denied such privilege.

The coalition accused Sowore of inciting violence in the country, using now-rested #EndSARS protests as a veritable platform.

In an open letter addressed to the embassies of the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), Germany, France, Canada among others, the group predicated its claim on intelligence at its disposal.

The letter was jointly signed by Dr Chibuzor Amechi (Coalition of Igbo professionals); Dr Aremu Gbenga (Coalition of Yoruba Elders for Peace and Good Governance); and Barr Mohammed ibrahim (Coalition of Northern Professionals) respectively.

In the letter entitled, “An Open Letter On The Plot By Sowore To Incite Violence Against The Federal Government”, the organisation wondered why Sowore seeks to revive an action that has since been suspended.

This, it added, was more so that the promoters of the protests for the disbandment of the SARS, have since called-off the demonstrations, with a view to giving governments at all levels the benefit of the doubt.

Apart from dissolving the dreaded police squad, the federal and state governments are currently addressing other issues raised, one of which is the establishment of judicial commissions of inquiry, to deal with cases of brutality, extra-judicial killings and other excesses of the defunct SARS.

“We are constrained by events of the last one week to write this open letter to you, to intimate you of premeditated moves by one Omoyele Sowore to incite public disturbance against the Nigerian Government”,the group said.

The letter reads: “Your Excellency, our resort to this open letter is occasioned by the urgency of the situation, as intelligence at our disposal has confirmed that Sowore, who certainly has sponsors, has concluded plans to hijack the now-rested #EndSARS protests, to allegedly cause anarchy in Nigeria, thereby instigating an illegal change of Government.

“As a guide, may we draw your attention to the protests of Sunday, November 1, 2020 at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, and the Force Headquarters’ precincts – all in Abuja – as well as that of Friday, November 6, at the entrance to the National Assembly, which were led by Sowore.

“With benefit of hindsight, we fear that this ongoing move has the potential of disrupting the peace and security of the country that is yet to recover from the killings, looting and destruction of public and private property that attended the wave of nationwide proests, a few weeks ago.

“We are alarmed that Sowore, who was barred by a Federal High Court in Abuja from participating in, or addressing public rallies/protests, as part of the conditions for his bail, will be spear-heading this latest affront.

“This valid court order, which has not been set aside, either by the trial court, or by the Court of Appeal, is pending the determination of the criminal charge.

“For a man facing a 7-count charge bordering on treason, money laundering and cyber stalking, occasioned by his earlier failed attempt to lead a revolution against the democratically-elected Government of President Muhammadu Buhari – through the instrumentality of #Revolution Now movement, one would have thought that introspection and soul-searching would be his preoccupation”.

The organisation said it took the pain of chronicling the antecedents of Sowore, to “reconcile you to the intelligence at our disposal, which is a product of painstaking investigation of his antics”.

“Or, how else will one situate this latest attempt at re-launching and reviving an action, whose original/genuine promoters have since suspended, to give both the Federal and State Governments the chance to address the concerns that triggered the mass protests?”, it asked rather rhetorically.

“We, therefore, request your Excellency to take note of the deliberate acts of incitement and violence being orchestrated by Sowore, to deny him asylum, in the event that he seeks any, after succeeding in his wicked agenda”, the group stated in the letter.

It concluded thus: “We trust that the Nigerian Government will activate the relevant laws within its disposal, to rein in this man, whose “dog-in-the-manger” tendency must not be allowed accommodation.

“The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) only favours change of government through the instrumentality of the ballot – an exercise that comes after a period of four years.

“We advise politicians, whose quest for power was not successful, to wait and test their popularity in the next round of elections, rather than seek to instigate unrest, to satisfy their selfish ends, and those of their pay-masters”.

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