Potentials Of Rivers Niger, Benue Confluence Untapped Centuries After
By Itodo Daniel
Kogi prides itself as a ‘confluence state of opportunities’, obviously because of the convergence of two important rivers – Niger and Benue- in Lokoja, the state’s capital. But centuries after European explorers discovered the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue in Lokoja, its abundant tourism potentials and latent economic opportunities are yet to be tapped. Daily Trust Saturday recently took a tour through the rivers down to the confluence point and reports.
Lokoja, the capital of Kogi State in North-Central part of Nigeria with an estimated population of over 600,000 people, is privileged to be the place where two important rivers namely, Niger and Benue ‘kissed’ each other in a natural conjugal bliss and flowed gracefully together southwards into the Atlantic Ocean.
It was learnt that River Niger remained a mystery to the first Europeans who set foot on Nigeria’s soil until John and Richard Landers passed through the confluence on October 25, 1830 thereby completing the journey that Mungo Park had started. Rivers Niger and Benue are the two largest rivers in West Africa.
According to a researcher, Alfred Ayodele Meseko, River Niger has its origin in the Guinean highlands in Guinea and passed through other countries namely, Mali, Niger, Benin Republic before reaching Nigeria.
River Benue on its part travels all the way from the neighbouring Cameroon down to Lokoja to meet its Niger ‘bride’ where the union was eventually consummated by Mother Nature.
The river is a major source of economic activities for inhabitants across its banks and equally serves as natural habitat for aquatic animals. A recent trip to the confluence point of the two rivers in Lokoja reveals a plain beautiful landscape and calm water surface sandwiched by flourishing green vegetation.
At the tip of the confluence is a narrow mass of land that can be developed for tourists to embark on from a boat.
One could also see the aesthetics of the convergence of the two rivers forming a ‘Y’-shape while flowing together towards the ocean.
As you cruise a few meters away from the confluence point of the two rivers, you will meet an island (a flat land) which is occasionally being used for picnics by fun seekers and tourists.
While River Benue which is on the right side is clearer and light green in colour; River Niger which is on the left side looks dirtier and brownish in colour.
As one explores the river, fishermen could be seen in their wooden boats casting their nets in search of fish.
From the confluence point, adjoining villages can also be seen from the river banks.
It was learnt that no fewer than 36 towns are located at the banks of River Niger spanning across five countries including Bamako, the capital of Mali; Niamey, the capital of Niger; Onitsha, an important commercial city in Nigeria and Lokoja the confluence town.
The total length of River Niger is about 4,180km with the basin area put at 2,117,700kmsq which discharges water at the rate of 5589 m.cu/s.
River Benue is also another river of great significance not only to Nigeria but also to other African countries. It originates from the Adamawa plateau, and passes through 18 towns in Africa across Cameroon and Nigeria. The total length of the river is about 1,400km. Both rivers are largely navigable.
Worries over unharnessed tourism, economic potentials of the confluence
Operators, tourism enthusiasts and experts are worried that though there abound many tourists’ attraction centres in Lokoja, many of them are not yet harnessed, especially the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue.
Capt. Danladi Usman Ibrahim, who is one of the boat operators at the Ganaja bank of River Niger, said the government has not done enough to boost the economic and tourism potential of the confluence.
Ibrahim, who said he had been operating in the area for over 35 years, said successive administrations at both the state and federal levels have not harnessed the abundant potential of the river.
He said government needs to build jetty and provide navigable channels to unlock the potentials of the place, adding that economic and tourism activities in the area are still at a very low level.
“We need navigation channels here. Once it’s rainy season, we have challenges navigating except the experienced ones. We also need a jetty that will be floating; when the water rises, it will go up and when the water comes down, it will come down.
“We need floating jetty but right now, there’s no assistance in that regard. We can operate from here to Onitsha. We can go and come back the same day. They dredged this river so that business activities can be boosted but the dredging has not been completed.
“We will be happy if the federal and Kogi State governments can assist us to do something here to boost business activities. As you can see, we have our confluence point here. At least, we need a beach here for tourists, but there are no facilities. We, who are doing businesses here, cannot do well except the government develops this place.
“If the government can build a floating jetty here, and provide a barge for people to be going to the confluence point for tourism purposes and sightseeing; it will be good,” he said.
He said despite the fact that the place has not been developed, people still come from different places to explore the confluence from time to time, adding that the place will become a booming economic and tourism hub if fully harnessed.
“If the government can assist us to build a jetty here, people will go there for tourism, especially during festive seasons like Christmas, Sallah and other occasions like Valentine’s day. It is a good place for tourism which needs to be harnessed. People come from far and near. This is a confluence state but there is not much activity going on. You can see how Lagos Beach is being utilized. Here, too, can be developed for tourism purposes.
“All that we do here is on private individual levels; there’s nothing much we can do. This is a NIWA Jetty but there’s nothing serious here. It needs to be developed. From time to time, people come here to visit the confluence and we usually take them there in our engine boats. From there, we make some income. Some of the tourists will come with two bottles to fetch the water from Niger and Benue to see the difference. Like I said, Benue is cleaner than Niger now but when the water level is high, Niger will be cleaner than Benue because the tributaries in Benue will be bringing dirt into it but for now, Benue is cleaner than Niger.
According to him, more business activities and opportunities will open up if the area is fully developed with construction of a standard jetty.
“If the federal government can assist us here, we would be happy. The late former President Umar Musa Yar’adua promised to dredge the river and build a jetty here but after his death, nothing has been done again. There are many villages across the river and this is the only means they can access those places. Government needs to develop this place by building floating jetty,” he said.
Also speaking, Dean, Faculty of Management Sciences at the Kogi State University, Anyigba, Prof. John Alabi, said the opportunities that the rivers provide have not been utilized.
“Lokoja being the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue; first, is historic and there is this natural attraction to the town. Also, because of the opportunities, there are lots of things that can be used for the economic growth of the state and the country at large.
“I want to talk about three aspects; the first of it is that the confluence provides opportunity for tourism; tourism in the sense that people would want to come around to see. The late Abubakar Audu had a foresight in building a hotel close to the confluence of the River Niger. What that presupposes is that with the hotel, tourists will come and lodge and the state will make economic gains.
“Another thing is that around the confluence, you can build a yacht from where people can take canoes or ferries to the confluence, have fun and take pictures. From there, they could proceed to other tourists’ attractions in the confluence city.
“We also need to do more economic activities on the river; transportation of goods from Lokoja to other parts of the country should be encouraged by providing ferries and badges. That has not been done. Private sectors should be encouraged to come in to boost activities. We have NIWA headquarters in Abuja. With that, we can start moving goods across the country.
“There are so many relics in the confluence city that have not been tapped. Socioeconomic wise, we can leverage on the confluence city, we can bring in festivals that can promote tourism. When people come in, there will be the multiplier effects on the economy of the state,” he said.
‘Geodesic dome at the confluence will boost ecotourism’
Also speaking, a former Minister of State for Health and one time President of Nigerian Institute of Architects (NIA), Arc Gabriel Aduku, said the federal government needs to do a lot in transforming the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue in Lokoja into tourists’ attraction and an economic hub.
He said if rivers Niger and Benue can be sustainably dredged and the channels made navigable, it would open up the economy of not only Kogi State but the country at large.
Aduku said if the enormous potential of the rivers as well as the confluence can be harnessed, the place can become another Dubai in Nigeria capable of attracting huge revenues for the country.
He said the government in collaboration with the private sector can pull resources together to construct a geodesic dome of not less than one kilometre at the point of the confluence, which he said could house 25-storey buildings for hotels and other types of green structures that will boost tourism.
A geodesic dome is a hemispherical thin-shell structure (lattice-shell) based on a geodesic polyhedron. The triangular elements of the dome are structurally rigid and distribute the structural stress throughout the structure, making geodesic domes able to withstand very heavy loads for their size.
“I believe that such an iconic structure architecturally defined as unique throughout the whole world would bring a focus unto us. It would be moving us away from oil as our main life wire in this country. It would be a major contribution if by sheer effort, we can ensure that the rivers are navigable and that people can travel from anywhere in the world and come through into Lokoja, from Kebbi, Makurdi etc if the inland waterways work.
“Lokoja offers itself to such a unique treat because it will bring on board many other things including playing the role of unity of our nation by all the states that are bordering both rivers at least trailing back to the period of amalgamation of the North and South.
“It will propel a lot of economic activities by ensuring that the rivers become navigable so as to let in a number of visitors; a number of tourists and all actions and that will boost a lot of economic activities in Lokoja and in the state in particular,” he said.
He said he has written letters to President Muhammadu Buhari on the need for a geodesic dome at the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue given the historical significance of such iconic structure to the promotion of unity amongst people of Nigeria.
Confluence Beach Hotels in deplorable state
Kogi State government during the administration of late Governor Abubakar Audu established the Confluence Beach Hotels right at the bank of the confluence of river Niger and Benue, in an effort to develop the confluence as a tourist attraction.
Sadly, the hotel which is supposed to contribute to boosting the tourism potential of the confluence had been in a deplorable condition for over five years. Besides, there is no link or access between the hotel and the confluence.
A recent visit to the Confluence Beach Hotels which has a 7-storey building with over 100 chalets, event hall and swimming pool, indicate that the facilities are in deplorable conditions begging for attention.
What we are doing to harness tourism potentials – Kogi government
Reacting, Special Adviser to the Kogi State governor on Culture and Tourism, Femi Bolaji, said the administration of Governor Yahaya Bello has been carrying out a lot of intervention, renovation and rehabilitation in the culture and tourism sector.
He said the government remained committed to harnessing the tourism potentials of the confluence as well as other tourists’ sites in the state.
“In our first tenure, the governor gave a roadmap on how to reinvigorate our cultural heritage and backed it up with the release of millions of naira so that we can give facelifts to our historical relics, monuments and heritage sites which were done.
“Investors were beckoned to partner with the state government so that we can start construction of new tourists’ sites as well as remodel and reconstruct the existing ones. The existing ones include the confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue. That place is huge.
“Last year, President Muhammadu Buhari sent his official photographer to Kogi State to take pictures of iconic centres in commemoration of Nigeria@60.
“I and other ministry officials took him to that particular spot, the confluence of River Niger and Benue. That place is a good experience. We took a yacht from NIWA Jetty down to the confluence point. When you get there, you feel that sensation. Your boat will feel it that you are on an extra-terrestrial body that’s not your usual experience on the water; maybe your boat is hitting a wave and you will actually see the demarcation where the two rivers met.
“River Niger is a bit dirty, brownish in colour possibly because of the long journey; it started all the way from Mali but River Benue is cleaner because it’s coming from our neighbouring country, Cameroon. So, these are exotic things; aesthetics that will bring in tourists but we need to do a lot.
“The environment; the landing jetties for taking off and returning are not yet there. If investors can come in and build beautiful jetties with terminal buildings and other facilities even while you are waiting for your boat cruise, you can really have a nice time there before the boat will now take you to the confluence point.
“Also, the confluence point is like an island. It’s a V-shape island in which another structure can be constructed; you can build a hotel there and you can put a Water Park there. The government of Yahaya Bello has already invited investors and they are doing their own feasibility too and I can tell you that the ministry is already working on this potential and they will be realized.
“Apart from that, we have the Confluence Beach Hotels adjoining the confluence point. From the hotels, you can see the confluence point. We have a 7-storey building there; we have chalets of over 100 rooms. We have a big event hall and we even have a bar. But the hotel is now down due the mismanagement of the past administration.
“So, we have invited a consortium of investors who took over that hotel about six months ago. They are spending billions of naira to bring that hotel back and in no time, you will see that hotel being well run,” he said.
Called from Daily Trust
Flood disaster: Kogi braces for another round of misery
Flood disaster: Kogi braces for another round of misery
By John Akubo, Lokoja
Many victims of the 2012 flood disaster in Kogi State who are experiencing another round of displacement are apprehensive over a possible repeat of 2012 scenario, when many partås of the state and country were ravaged by floodwater.
As the ominous signs crystalise, the apprehension is palpable in the state because the tributaries of most small rivers in the northern axis, empty themselves into the River Niger and Benue at the confluence, in Lokoja.
At least 623, 690 displaced persons were accommodated in 87 camps across the state during the last flood disaster. And six years after, the continuous rise of water levels is forcing many residents that live close to the riverbanks to relocate as their houses are already submerged.
According to the Executive Secretary, Kogi State Emergency Management Agency, Alhassan Ayeggba, by the last count, about 45, 000 persons have been displaced, and are camped in various IDP camps across the state, aside from those who elected to put up with their relatives.
The absence of health facilities at the different camps, is already posing dire medical challenges to the IDPs who need medical attention. But matters recently got worse with the birth of three babies at the Koton Karfe IDP camp. Ayishat Zakeriya from Adamogu Community delivered a baby boy; Maryam Ishaq from Akpaku Village delivered a baby girl, and Sakinat Musa, also from Akpaku Village delivered another boy.
However, many in the state fear that the damage this year may be worse compared to that of 2012 should Camerounian authorities discharge water from the Lagdo dam.
At the moment, according to Ayegba, “the water level is 10.30 metres, and this has exceeded the normal level. The situation in Ibaji Local Council is worse as there are no high lands in the area, hence the people have been advised to move to the IDP Camp at Idah
The Secretary to the State Government Ayoade Arike Folashade, who was at the camp on a routine visit, donated food items, and cash to the victims and mothers of the newborn babies, as well as, commended them for the courage they displayed in the face of obvious challenge.
A youth leader at the camp, Abubakar Isah, appealed to the government to assist them as they have lost all their crops to the flood, while the meagre assistance they have received from public-spirited individuals “translates to a few bags of rice and cartons of Indomie Noodles.”
Seidu Akowe, a victim of 2012 flood disaster at the Lokoja IDP camp, was forced out of his home at midnight six years ago without picking any property. This time around, he said he moved to the IDP hostel in Lokoja when his house was overtaken by floods to avoid losing all his belongings.
Another victim, Hajia Meimuna Akawo, who recalled that in 2015, many organisations were showing support to displaced persons in camps, said this time around, apart from very few individuals, including the Commissioner for Environment, Sanusi Yahaya, who gave them two bags of rice and water tanks, the IDPs were starving.
She also said the sanitation situation has become deplorable, even as she fears the outbreak of an epidemic.
Lending credence to the people’s fears of a likelihood of the 2012 flooding, NEMA’s Director of Planning, Research and Forecasting, Mr. Vincent Owan, while on a recent visit to the state advised residents of flood plains to immediately move upland or to the state’s IDPs hostel at the Flood Estate, built by the Governor Idris Wada-administration.
According to him, “My first impression is that the flood situation is quite devastating for the fact that all the indices that manifested during the 2012 flood disaster are here with us today, except for the release of water from the Lagdo dam. Most of the people that have been affected by the flood today have been relocated to higher grounds particularly the IDP hostels at the former Governor Wada Flood Housing Estate.
“We are going collaborate extensively with Kogi State government to ensure that displaced persons are well catered for. I have communicated with the director general of NEMA, and very shortly you will feel the presence of the agency in the state,” the NEMA chief stated.
He also called on the state government to ensure that SEMA discharges its statutory function before seeking external help.
“When incidents like these happen, state governments just run cap-in-hand to the Federal Government for assistance, but the Federal Government wants to see what the state has done before calling for external support.
“Once the Federal Government sees what the state has done and the efforts put in place, it will say okay, having seen what has been done in the face of the challenge that you are facing, which is beyond your coping capacity, the Federal Government will then come in with full force to support you.
According to him, SEMA should never be the type of government agency that should be running around looking for operational vehicles to use when emergencies occur, “and that is why we call for functional state emergency agencies that are fully empowered to ensure that they carry out their statutory responsibilities.”
The Environment Commissioner, Yahaya, who noted that the water level was not receding, equally appealed to residents of “flood-prone areas to move to higher grounds immediately because we don’t know when the water from the Lagdo Dam would be released. When it is released the situation may be worse than the 2012 flood disaster.”
The Director of Engineering Hydrology, Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NHSA), Abuja, Clement Nze, who recently described the state as the “headquarters of flood in Nigeria,” said the meeting of two major rivers to form a confluence in the state makes the flood disaster in the state worse when it happens.
While on an assessment tour of areas so far affected by flood in the state, Nze said the state’s peculiar disposition was the reason why the agency was more interested in what is happening in Lokoja.
“We are measuring downstream of River Niger and River Benue and taking the reading there everyday to make comparisons with the past.
“On September 29, 2012 it was 12.84m and we have about three more weeks to September29, 2018. So, if the rise continues as it is going now, the situation might be worse. Yesterday, the difference between the water level to the highest in 2012 was 2.7m, today it has narrowed to 2.59m, tomorrow it might be 2.5m moving to meet up with the value of 2012 that was so critical 12.84m,” he said.
He recalled that in the Nigerian Meteorological Agency Seasonal Rainfall Predictions release in March this year, the agency said “that the earliest time rain will seize in the northern part of Nigeria, including Sokoto and Katsina is September 28, which means we still have about three weeks or thereabouts of rainfall, but in the southern coastal cities it would be around December.”
“Going by this record and most of the flooding that occur between July, August and September, the period of heavy rainfall in the northern parts of Nigeria is here. We are expecting that the rains will continue and the water levels will continue to rise.”
“The safety net that we have now is that Camerounian authorities have not released any water from the Lagdo dam yet,” he stated, adding that the flooding that has been taking place in Adamawa, Benue, Taraba are caused by water from rivers in Nigeria because there are many of them that are feeding into River Benue and River Niger.”
Called from the Guardian
CAN in Kogi joins national protest
CAN in Kogi joins national protest
The day of prayer and protest declared by the national the Christians Association of Nigeria (CAN) was observed in Kogi state yesterday.
Though the protests were marked in low key as it was restricted to each churche premises in the state, members displayed placards to express their displeasure with the ongoing killings across the country.
The leadership of CAN in the state had written to the blocks in the chapter on the mode that the protest was expected to take.
The Kogi state chairman of th body Bishop John Ibenu, told newsmen after the protest in his church in Lokoja, that the protests were peaceful in the state.
He however said there was the need for the federal government to set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission over the menace of herdsmen attacks in the country.
Ibenu said, “It is a national day of prayer and protest, Christians don’t protest, if we have to that means the issues have reached the peak, we spent time to pray for the nation and Kogi state and also for the future, Kogi state CAN in obedience to the directive of national CAN observed the day in our church premises
“In the process of protesting we should also keep the peace and stability of the nation and that is why we said it must be within the church premises because we want to do the best that we can to bring down the tension number two we want governance to go beyond promises tp practicality.
“The killings have continued unabated and it has been taken to the church, there were no grasses for cattles to eat in the church when the Fulanis invaded the church and killed worshippers, so what has started on the farm came to the village and has entered the church.
“Government must act to make sure that this was not something aimed at the church but started in the farm, we are being proactive by calling for attention before it degenerate, we do not want to be pushed to a point where we will start using the pulpits to tell everyone to look for available arm to defend themselves”.
NAOS Election:Jacob emerges new President
NAOS Election:Jacob emerges new President
Comr. Abraham Damilare Jacob, a student of Kogi State University (KSU), an indigene of Mopa-Amuro Local Government Area of Kogi State, has been elected as the National President of the National Association of Okun Students (NAOS) 2017/2018 Session.
The election which was conducted during the National Association of Okun Students 2017/2018 National Convention on Sunday in Aiyekunle-Gbede, also produced other National Excos of the association in a free, fair and peaceful environment.
A statement by the Secretary of the Electoral Committee, 2017/2018 NAOS National Convention, in Lokoja, Comr. Prime Abubakar, said that the NAOS 2017/2018 National Convention was a huge success.
“As a law abiding citizens of Okun Nation, we followed due process as regards the earlier announced security threat alert from the Chief Security officer of Ijumu Local Govnment (Host Local Government).
“This caused a little set back as against the planned time for the Convention, as the Electoral Committee, The President and Senate President had to put in the necessary measures for a free, peaceful and fair Convention/Election Process.
“We appreciate all delegates who represented each Local Government Areas for their cooperation and resolution to remain Law abiding as they all exercised their fundamental right to cast their votes.
“Distinguish Naosites both at home and diaspora, permit me to introduce the 2017/2018 National Excos of Okun Students:
“National President- Comr. Abraham Damilare Jacob, From Mopa-Amuro Local Government and a Student of Kogi State University; National Senate President- Comr. Oloruntoba Mosses Juwon from Kabba/Bunu Local Government.
“National General Secretary- Comr Aiyenigba Mercy from Ijumu Local Government
“National Deputy Senate President – Comr. Leke Nihi also from Ijumu, a student of Federal University of Technology Minna.
“All other offices will be announced in due time just before their official inaguration”,
He appreciated the presence of all Past National Presidents and Senate Presidents, all representatives of National Youth Council of Nigeria, National Association of Kogi State Students, and all other stakeholders, who had ensured maximum decorum and due process was followed.
In his acceptance speech, the President-elect of NAOS, Comr. Abraham Damilare Jacob, said: “I must as an individual return all glory and thanks to God almighty for granting me the victory”.
Jacob expressed appreciation to His Excellency, Alhaji Yahaya Bello, the Executive Governor of Kogi State, and the Speaker Kogi State House of Assembly Rt. Hon. (Prince) Matthew Kolawole.
The Special Adviser to the Governor on youth Empowerment, Sports and Student’s Affairs- Hon. MD Eseyin, Hon Taufiq Isa, the Administrator of Ijumu LGA, who doubled as Kogi ALGON Chairman, other LG Administrators from Mopamuro, Yagba East, Yagba West and Kabba-Bunu respectively.
He also thanked all the royal fathers from Okun Land, for making sure they had an enabling and peaceful environment for a wonderful election amidst all forms of perceived security threats.
He added: “You all have proven that Just like Kogi State is a home of peace, Okunland will always remain a peaceful land.
“NAOS is an association which serves as the umbrella that covers positive benefiting interests of Okun students, as it is enshrined in her constitution. Hence, the protection of the objectives, mission and visions’ statements becomes highly paramount.
“I promise I will not be part of those sugar-coated mouth leaders who will promise heaven and earth, but yet will never make a move to fulfil any. I do not believe in promises that are obviously mirage.
“I have stated clearly in my manifestos that I am only bringing Positive Rebirth, Reformation and Redefinition into NAOS. We can be sure of having Accountability, Credibility, Transparency, and Fair representations achieved as well .
“NAOS is not a one man business and as such, it requires the efforts of all and sundries. Therefore, all hands must be on deck if we must give a positive rebirth, reformation and redefinition of her purpose of existence.
“I want to seize this opportunity to appreciate all NAOSITES and other stakeholders, who gave me their support and encouragement across the length and breath of the state during the course of this struggle.
“I want to leave you at the bench of being the judge to judge me by my activities and achievements at the course of the commencement of our administration immediately after inauguration.
“May I state it categorically that Okun students will always stand firm to protect the interest of the state in as much as it will accelerate the development and growth of the state.
“We are responsible students, we must always be ready to be responsive to the state just like the state must also become responsive to us at our point of needs.
“The unity and progress must and will always remain our chants”.
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